Educational And Psychological Theories That Drive The Recreation Behavior Annotated Bibliography Example

Published: 2021-06-27 21:30:05
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Introduction

Over the last 50 years, explanations related to recreational behaviour have grown complex and sophisticated. More information about this topic has come to light as experts engage in comprehensive research about various issues associated with the topic. Having been a fan of human sciences for a long time, I have also decided to conduct my own research on the topic particularly focusing on one aspect and this is the educational and psychological theories that drive recreation behavior. I chose to concentrate on three theories and these are the Flow theory, The Self Determination Theory and the Individual Experience Paradigm. To do this, I have come up with a list of sources that I plan to utilize in this research as shown below in this annotated bibliography.

Carpenter, G., & Priest, S. (1989). The adventure experience paradigm and non-outdoor leisure pursuits. Leisure Studies, 12(3), 33-45.

This article is about the Adventure Experience paradigm and its applicability in non-outdoor pursuit’s leisure. The Adventure paradigm theory was conceived mainly to relate it to outdoor leisure quests and has in most cases been discussed along this line. The article first presents the paradigm in its creation context (for outdoor leisure) and then applies the theory to non-outdoor leisure experiences and settings. By providing examples that are related to both non-outdoor and outdoor quests and settings, the authors make a suggestion that a broader application and interpretation of the theory is actually possible. The article will thus provide great insight into my research especially regarding the driving effect of the Individual experience paradigm to recreational behavior, both outdoor and non-outdoor.

Roark,, M., & Gary, E. D. (2009). Effect of Self-Determination Theory-based Strategies for Staging Recreation Encounters on Intrinsic Motivation of Youth Residential Campers. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 27(4), 76-86.

This article explores how the self-determination theory can be used be facilitate recreational behaviour. The article reports on a study conducted on young campers where the Self Determination theory was applied to bring about recreational outcomes in the campers. The authors’ state that self-determination theory can be used can be used to instill intrinsic motivation in individuals and therefore create recreational encounters. The article will be extremely useful into my research as it will give information about the self-determination theory and how it can be applied to bring about recreational behaviour.

Mackenzie, S. H. (2011). Expanding the Flow Model in Adventure Activities: A Reversal Theory Perspective. Journal o Leisure Research, 43(4), 519-544.

This theory looks at the flow model and explores how the theory can be manipulated to bring about recreational behaviour outcomes in individuals. According to the author, people are intrinsically motivated or enjoy taking part in activities that provide n optimum balance or equilibrium between perceived skills and perceived challenges. The author suggests that the flow model dimensions appear to be more pronounced in instances where participants are engaged in challenging and adventurous activities. The author however states that these flow dimensions can be increased and thus increase recreational behaviour by integrating some of the reversal theory constructs into the situation. This article will be extremely important to my research as it will provide some very crucial information about the applicability of the flow theory in the recreational behavior in individuals. The author is PhD holder from the University of Idaho.

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 12(23), 33-45.

This theory explores the theory of self-determination and how its fosters the natural process f psychological development and self motivation. The theory authors claim that there are 3 psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness) that when satisfied inadvertently yield mental health and self motivation to engage in recreational activities. This article will give great insight into my research in regards to the relationship between self determination theory, self motivation and recreational behavior.

Jones, C. (2003). An Empirical Comparison of the Four Channel Flow Model and Adventure Experience Paradigm. Leisure Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 25(3), 17-31.

This article empirically compares two theories that help to drive recreational behaviour and these are the Flow Theory and the Individual Experience Paradigm. The authors explore the various levels or parameters which the two theories use to drive recreational behaviour. Similarities and differences between the two theories are also given. This article will be extremely useful to my research as it will enable me to make a direct contrast and comparison between the flow and the individual experience paradigm theories in regards to how they drive recreation behavior.

Hills, P., Argyle, M., & Reeves, R. (2000). Individual differences in leisure satisfactions: an investigation of four theories of leisure motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(23), 34-56.

This theory looks at the applicability of various theories including the self motivation and the flow theory in leisure motivation. The authors explore how each theory creates leisure motivation and thus adoption of recreation behaviour. The authors of the articles are professors at Oxford Brookes University and are very knowledgeable in this subject. The article will be of great importance to my research and will provide me with vast information on many theories that drive recreational behaviour and not just the ones I have chosen.

Conclusion

The above sources will enable me to collect credible information and make a final report that is conclusive. Seeing that most of them are peer reviewed journal articles or books, the information contained in them is most certainly accurate.

References

Carpenter, G., & Priest, S. (1989). The adventure experience paradigm and non-outdoor leisure pursuits. Leisure Studies, 12(3), 33-45.
Hills, P., Argyle, M., & Reeves, R. (2000). Individual differences in leisure satisfactions: an investigation of four theories of leisure motivation. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(23), 34-56.
Jones, C. (2003). An Empirical Comparison of the Four Channel Flow Model and Adventure Experience Paradigm. Leisure Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 25(3), 17-31.
Mackenzie, S. H. (2011). Expanding the Flow Model in Adventure Activities: A Reversal Theory Perspective. Journal o Leisure Research, 43(4), 519-544.
Roark,, M., & Gary, E. D. (2009). Effect of Self-Determination Theory-based Strategies for Staging Recreation Encounters on Intrinsic Motivation of Youth Residential Campers. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 27(4), 76-86.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 12(23), 33-45.

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