The difference between the House of Commons and the House of Lords is that is that the power to make laws is vested with the House of Commons. On the other hand, it shall be the House of Lords which is empowered to pass the law. Another distinction between the two is that the members of the House of Commons are elected by the people. The members of the House of Lords acquire their position through hereditary succession (United Kingdom Parliament, 2013).
The security issue concerns of France include battling with terrorism, preventing the production and spread of weapons of mass destruction, and security issues involving countries such as the Middle East, Africa, Central Asia and the Balkans. Being one of the leaders of the European Union, one of the main responsibilities of France is to stop Iran from producing and multiplying nuclear weapons within the region and parts of the world (U.S. Department of State, 2013).
The Bundestag originated in Germany and is a body which that is chosen by the German people in an election. It is defined legislative body that discusses dissimilar opinions on the country’s policies in order to settle the formula and considerations for its creation (Bundestag, 2013). One of the primary tasks of Bundestag is to monitor the legislative process and to scrutinize the parliamentary branch of the government as part of the checks and balances. Aside from this, it has the power to decide on federal budget and deployment of the members of the Federal Armed Forces beyond the boundary of the German territory. The main differences between the two is that Bundestag is the lower house, while Bundesrat is the upper house whose members are not elected by the people, but are appointed by state cabinets, and may be removed at any given opportunity.
The deputy in China refers to a legislator who has been appointed to act as a substitute or representative of a superior. The responsibilities of a deputy shall include submission of criticism on bills and making suggestions on how to improve them; to submit suggestions on how to dismiss erring government officials; empowered make inquiries; conduct speeches and has the right to cast his vote during NPC meetings; inspect the topics for discussion during NPC sessions (NCP Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress, 2013).
The Japanese diet has nothing to do with food because it is the bicameral legislature of the country. It is composed of two houses namely the lower house referred to as the House of Representatives and he upper house known as the House of Councillors (House of Councillors, 2013). The National Diet is responsible in creating laws, which shall form part of the law of Japan.
F. Saudi Criminal Law
The criminal law presented that the Courts’ decisions are influenced mainly by Shari'ah principles that originated from the Qur'an and Sunnah, which form part of the traditions of Prophet Muhammad. Hence, the cases that brought before the courts do not only apply the laws of the state, but shall also observe the principles of the Qur'an and Sunnah as long as they do not contradict the provisions of the criminal procedure of the country. This only shows that criminal law in Saudi Arabia is different from other countries in the world because they incorporate the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad in rendering decisions against criminal offenders (Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, 2013).
House of Councillors (2013). The National Diet of Japan. Web. Retrieved on July 10, 2013, from
German Bundestag (2012). Web. Retrieved on July 10, 2013, from http://www.bundestag.de/htdocs_e/index.html.
National People’s Congress Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress (2013). Web.
Retrieved on July 10, 2013, from http://www.china.org.cn/english/27743.htm.
United Kingdom Parliament (2013). House of Commons. Web. Retrieved on July 10, 2013, from
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U.S. Department of State (2012). U.S. Relations with France. Web. Retrieved on July 10,
2013, from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3842.htm.