Research is a crucial component of the health care profession. Research brings new information to the discipline of healthcare. The information is put into practice whereby it enables the improvement of health outcomes. The success of research is dependent on a couple of factors including the nature of the participants utilized in the research, the method and design of the research study, the data collection process, the interpretation of findings among other crucial factors. The credibility of any research is assessed by performing an unbiased critique of the research The aim of this study is to perform a comprehensive critique of a quantitative research study with particular focus on the protection of human subjects or participants, the data collection process, the management and analysis of data and finally the findings.
Protection of Human Participants
The researchers did not indicate any risks or benefits to the participants since the main element of the study was on the consequences of an event (surgery) that they were going through. Therefore, there were no risk or benefits to the participants that are attributable to the study. The human participants were significantly protected under several ethical considerations. First, the participants were exposed or subjected to discomfort or may physical harm. In addition, all the participants consented to the study. This was via both written as well as verbal consent (Gillies et al., 2001). For those over the age of 16 years, written and verbal consents were collected while, for those under the age of 16, parental consent was also collected in addition to the verbal consent Gillies et al., 2001). From the study, it appears that all participants voluntarily participated. However, there was no ethical, regulatory body or committee that was used to monitor the study but the authors mention that ethical approval was provided by the Glasgow NHS Trusts that were participating in the study (Gillies et al., 2001).
Data Management and Analysis
Findings/ Findings / Interpretation of Findings: Implications for Practice and Future Research
The researchers were very confident of their findings since all the elements of the study including the participants and the setting; data collection and analysis were deemed to be appropriate. They did not identify any limitations to their study.
In terms of implications for nursing, the study shows that there is a need to improve the quality of care for both inpatient and day patient (Gillies et al., 2001). The results of the study apply to all day patients and inpatients. The study also showed that there needs to be better strategies for selecting individuals that are most suitable for day surgery.
In order to prove the credibility of any research such as nursing research, a comprehensive critique of the research is mandatory. This enables the audience to determine if the content of the research is believable or not. All the major elements including participants, data collection and analysis and the interpretation of findings must be taken into consideration. In addition, the implications of this research to nursing practice must be evident. Based on the critique above, this particular research study is quite credible but there are elements that could be improved for it to be fully credible and devoid of inconsistencies.
Gillies, M. L., Smith, L. N., & Parry-Jones, W. L. (2001). Postoperative pain: a comparison of adolescent inpatient and day patient experiences. International journal of nursing studies, 38(3), 329-337.